Indeed. Your emphasis on the European roots of this reminds me of recent cultural struggles in France, with a large conservative faction that incessantly pushes against immigration. They turn to phrases like “Paris isn’t Paris anymore” or “keep Paris Paris,” with the implication that immigration is changing Paris into something it wasn’t before, into something undesirable.

But, how was Paris built? How did it become the global icon that it is today?It did so on the backs of marginalized people around the world under colonialism, when France, for centuries, aggressively increased its economic power at the expense of people elsewhere. Now the descendants of these same exploited peoples move to Paris, to a place their grandmothers and grandfathers and ancestors going back hundreds of years built, and they are told to go away. They are told it doesn’t belong to them, that it belongs to the white inhabitants who forged it from the blood of the colonized.

Paris doesn’t belong to white people. It belongs to people from places like Algeria, Senegal, and Vietnam; it belongs to millions of people from thousands of villages, towns, and cities all over the world.

Just the facts: Writer. Gamer. Feminist. Educated in Astrophysics. Professional Gambler. Student of Language. Satanist. Anarchist. He/Him.

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